Solution: Make Alexa Proactive: Create Routines

By: Frank Engelman.  Updated: June 19, 2021.


The Problem: Need Help Making Alexa Useful

I am setting up Alexa for my parent who lives at a distance. I am unsure what features to include, or how to set it up so it is as useful as possible..... More about the Problem


Solution: Make Alexa Proactive: Create Routines

Alexa Routines are small pieces of software that you can easily create, and which can make an Echo active rather than passive.

In other words, instead of requiring your parent to initiate an interaction with Alexa, you can automatically trigger an interaction in response to some predetermined stimulus — for example, a motion, a time of day, or a spoken phrase of your choice.

I have found these to be excellent ways to add an additional level of functionality to the Amazon Echos in the homes of my older relations.

This "Solution" explains how to create Alexa Routines, and gives some examples we have found useful.


What’s wrong with Alexa Skills?

If your loved one’s home already has Amazon Echo devices, such as an Echo Show, you are probably familiar with Alexa Skills.

Alexa Skills are pre-written “apps” that can be invoked by speaking to Alexa. For example, the Alexa Skill “My Clock” can be invoked when your loved one says, “Alexa, My Clock.” Alexa will then give your loved one a personalized, context-aware, time-of-day greeting. You can find Alexa Skills in the Alexa app by tapping More- Skill & Games

While Alexa Skills are excellent, they must be invoked by “speaking” to Alexa.

What if your loved one has trouble speaking the exact command?

For example, if your dad is trying to start a skill such as “Old Time Radio”, he will have a problem if he can’t remember the exact command “Alexa, open Old Time Radio.”

If you want a more straightforward invocation, let me introduce you to Alexa Routines.


OK, so what are Alexa Routines?

On the surface, they may seem to have a similar function as Alexa Skills, but Alexa Skills are written by others for voice invocation. Alexa Routines are written by you and can be invoked by voice, time of day, or an event such as a button push or a motion detection.

Alexa Routines (Ref 1) can even invoke Alexa Skills. In the example stated above, your dad’s “Old Time Radio” Alexa Skill could be automatically invoked at a specific time of day for him by an Alexa Routine that you create that launches the Alexa Skill.


Sounds great, but how do I create these routines?

Let’s start by creating and testing Alexa Routines on your own Echo devices using your own Alexa account. Then I’ll show you how to create and modify Alexa Routines for your loved one remotely.

On your mobile device, open the Alexa App

  • Tap More
  • Tap Routines
  • Tap the “+”
  • If you can’t think of a name for the Routine, one will be auto-created, and you can modify it later
  • Tap “When this happens”
  • Here you are given a list of “triggers” for your Routine. The most common choices are Schedule, Voice, and Smart Home


Voice Triggers

Let’s start with this as an example.

Your mom lives with you in your home but spends most of her time in her room. You have other Echo devices throughout your home. If she wants to call you from her Alexa Show, she could say, “Alexa, drop in everywhere.” Assuming that you have household drop-in enabled on all your devices, she would have an intercom type call with you. However, it’s hard for her to remember this specific command.

Here is how you could use a voice trigger to simplify the command she has to speak by invoking a “Custom” Action

  • Trigger: “Call Frank”
  • Custom Action: “Drop in everywhere”



screenshot 1

If you don’t have Drop in enabled, here is how to set it up in the Alexa app

  • Tap devices
  • Tap Echo & Alexa
  • Tap a device you want to enable drop-in
  • Scroll to Communications and Tap it
  • Tap Drop-in
  • Tap My Household
  • Use “<” a few times to exit
  • Add in any other devices for drop-in


Scheduled Triggers

Here is another example. Let’s assume you would like to give your dad a “daily briefing” at a fixed time of day. I do this with my 94-year-old Aunt, and she looks forward to it. The Trigger can be a time-of-day or sunrise/sunset (with offsets). You pick specific days of the week for repeating

screenshot 2

The actions I am showing here would greet her by name, report the weather, say the date, read what’s on her calendar, and say the time.


Smart Home Triggers

One last example. If you have added some “smart home” devices such as a motion sensor, a door sensor, or a push button, you can trigger Alexa Routines from those devices. If you don’t have any of these devices but would like to try a simple setup, here are some are easy to use to implement triggers.

  • I used this Echo Flex motion sensor: View on Amazon.  [affiliate link]

This Routine can remind your mom of today’s date, the My Clock Skill, or anything else you choose when she goes near the motion sensor. Notice that you can set it to be active during certain hours and even suppress it so that it doesn’t repeat every time she passes the motion sensor. Some good locations for the Echo Flex with attached motion sensor are plugged into the countertop outlets in the bathroom and kitchen

screenshot 3


  • I used these Echo ButtonsView on Amazon (currently only available on eBay)  [affiliate link]


screenshot 4


Here is a video of the buttons being used as triggers for Alexa Routines.


Creating Alexa Routines remotely on your loved one’s Alexa Account

OK, very nice, but I want them on my loved one’s Echo Devices.

That is pretty easy to do as the Alexa Routines live on the Cloud and don’t reside on a device. Here are two ways that you can access your loved one’s Alexa account:

  1. Keep an old phone (no cell service required) or an old tablet connected to YOUR Wi-Fi. Install the Alexa apps using your loved one’s account.
  2. On your mobile device, log out of the Alexa app and back in using your loved one’s Alexa account:
    • Tap More
    • Tap Settings
    • Scroll down to “Not xxx? Sign Out”
    • Sign out and back in as your loved one

Remember to later sign out as your loved one, if you plan on making changes to you own Alexa account


Tips & Tricks

  • There is no way to schedule a routine to repeat several times a day. You must create a routine for each time Trigger. However, you can create a “Clone” of an existing routine like this:
    • Tap on the Routine name
    • Tap on the three vertical dots in the upper right
    • Tap “Copy Actions to a New Routine”

This step copies the “Actions” from the existing Routine. All you need to do is create a new Routine name and Trigger

  • When adding “actions” in a Routine, the order may not be what you prefer. Tap & drag on the “two bars” icon to the right of the action, and move them to the desired order.
  • When creating a Routine, you may want to have Alexa “speak” to let your loved one know what is going on. Alexa can say any guidance you want to give them in the “Alexa Says” action. Please note this is different than the “trigger” phrase you speak under “When You Say”.



(1) Here is a brief Amazon overview of Alexa Routines (link goes to Amazon website)



More Like This

This is part of a series of "Problems" and DIY Technology "Solutions" to the challenges faced by older adults, by Frank Engelman. 



Discuss this solution


from Allynn (member) at January 01, 2021

Frank this looks great!  I did a simple routine for Dad last night that wished him a happy New Year and then played Guy Lombardo's Old Lang Syne.  He loved it!  I also have one that plays in his office just before midnight and tells him to go to bed. 

So far Dad is really enjoying interacting with Alexa (though he still forgets her name sometimes).  I solved that by writing ALEXA in large letters and sticking it behind each device!  


from faengelm (member) at January 02, 2021

Hello Allynn,

I'm so glad this worked for your dad.

Regarding the trouble of saying "Alexa" as the wake word, the other choices of "Echo, Amazon, or Computer" could also be problematic. There is also a celebrity voice Skill offereing the wake word "Hey Samuel," that could offer some fun

Have you considered adding "walk-up" activation of Alexa Routines such as a motion sensor when your dad approaches the kitchen or bathroom sink?  It could say a reminder such as Time, Date, calendar events, "don't forget to wash your hands."

I also find it handy to have button-activation of Alexa Routines for things such as the time in the middle of the night




from Hugh D. (unverified) at January 03, 2021

Nice job, Frank. I love Alexa Routines and have a bunch of them, but I don't have the specific use case right now you're using. I've found the "Wait" command very useful when building a bit more complex routines. For those who use Alexa alarms from time to time, I like the Alexa routine that let's you use silencing the alarm as a trigger to turn on a bunch of lights or other things based on something that might be needed at other than set times. They handle multiple actions great but don't easily allow for multiple triggers like if this or that or that or that then do something. Yep, I know there are other ways to do it,


from carl (unverified) at June 01, 2021

Can you create a routine for Alexa "listen" to call a phone number if it hears a home alarm siren get executed?


from faengelm (member) at June 01, 2021

Hello Carl,

The most dependable method would be to have the service sounding the alarm make the phone call.

Currently, there is NOT a way to do this in an Alexa Routine as the sound triggers are limited to:

  • Dog Barking
  • Baby Crying
  • Snoring
  • Coughing

These can be used as Alexa Routine Triggers with a “custom” action to place a phone call such as

“call xxx’s mobile”


In the meantime, a paid service Alexa Guard Plus, can be used to listen for alarms sounds and make phone calls.

Note that the free Alexa Guard service can only send notifications to your mobile.


from faengelm (member) at January 24, 2022

Hello Carl,

As of Jan 2022, Alexa (US) now can detect these sounds as a trigger for Alexa Routines:

  • * Snoring
  • * Baby Crying
  • * Water Sounds
  • * Dog Barking
  • * Beeping Appliance
  • * Cough

I know the water running sound detection works when a bathroom faucet turned on.

Some people have been able to get the appliance detection to work on a microwave, but not on other appliances like a washer/dryer


from Jerome (unverified) at January 23, 2022

You didn't come across any REST API or similar to allow Routines to be setup via an API? I was hoping to create a few useful ones and see if I could 'share' these easily.


from faengelm (member) at January 24, 2022

Hello Jerome,

I have not seen a way to do create Routines other then the mobile app. There is no web interface.

You might be able to get some hints from the webinar How to Build with Alexa for Apps 

If you want to share an Alexa Routine you have created, there is a "Share" option when you open a Routine.

This creates a URL that users can click to add that Routine to their Alexa app and customize for their device names 


from faengelm (member) at February 16, 2022

Hello Jerome,

I found a way that lets me use Windows 10 with my Samsung phone to actually display the MOBILE Alexa app on my PC.

I can now use my PC keyboard and mouse to create/modify Alexa Routines

Add your comments


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Target customers & users: 
Family of the aging
How important is it?: 
Moderate problem
Key words: